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  • #16
    Re: Is It Racist

    here is the bill, http://www.azleg.gov/legtext/49leg/2r/bills/sb1070s.pdf I will only post the first 6 pages as it is 16 pages long.

    - i -

    State of Arizona
    Senate
    Forty-ninth Legislature
    Second Regular Session
    2010
    SENATE BILL 1070
    AN ACT


    AMENDING TITLE 11, CHAPTER 7, ARIZONA REVISED STATUTES, BY ADDING ARTICLE 8;
    AMENDING TITLE 13, CHAPTER 15, ARIZONA REVISED STATUTES, BY ADDING SECTION
    13-1509; AMENDING SECTION 13-2319, ARIZONA REVISED STATUTES; AMENDING TITLE
    13, CHAPTER 29, ARIZONA REVISED STATUTES, BY ADDING SECTIONS 13-2928 AND
    13-2929; AMENDING SECTIONS 23-212, 23-212.01, 23-214 AND 28-3511, ARIZONA
    REVISED STATUTES; AMENDING TITLE 41, CHAPTER 12, ARTICLE 2, ARIZONA REVISED
    STATUTES, BY ADDING SECTION 41-1724; RELATING TO UNLAWFULLY PRESENT ALIENS.
    (TEXT OF BILL BEGINS ON NEXT PAGE)
    S.B. 1070
    - 1 -
    1 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Arizona:
    2 Section 1. Intent
    3 The legislature finds that there is a compelling interest in the
    4 cooperative enforcement of federal immigration laws throughout all of
    5 Arizona. The legislature declares that the intent of this act is to make
    6 attrition through enforcement the public policy of all state and local
    7 government agencies in Arizona. The provisions of this act are intended to
    8 work together to discourage and deter the unlawful entry and presence of
    9 aliens and economic activity by persons unlawfully present in the United
    10 States.
    11 Sec. 2. Title 11, chapter 7, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended by
    12 adding article 8, to read:
    13 ARTICLE 8. ENFORCEMENT OF IMMIGRATION LAWS
    14 11-1051. Cooperation and assistance in enforcement of
    15 immigration laws; indemnification
    16 A. NO OFFICIAL OR AGENCY OF THIS STATE OR A COUNTY, CITY, TOWN OR
    17 OTHER POLITICAL SUBDIVISION OF THIS STATE MAY ADOPT A POLICY THAT LIMITS OR
    18 RESTRICTS THE ENFORCEMENT OF FEDERAL IMMIGRATION LAWS TO LESS THAN THE FULL
    19 EXTENT PERMITTED BY FEDERAL LAW.
    20 B. FOR ANY LAWFUL CONTACT MADE BY A LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICIAL OR AGENCY
    21 OF THIS STATE OR A COUNTY, CITY, TOWN OR OTHER POLITICAL SUBDIVISION OF THIS
    22 STATE WHERE REASONABLE SUSPICION EXISTS THAT THE PERSON IS AN ALIEN WHO IS
    23 UNLAWFULLY PRESENT IN THE UNITED STATES, A REASONABLE ATTEMPT SHALL BE MADE,
    24 WHEN PRACTICABLE, TO DETERMINE THE IMMIGRATION STATUS OF THE PERSON. THE
    25 PERSON'S IMMIGRATION STATUS SHALL BE VERIFIED WITH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
    26 PURSUANT TO 8 UNITED STATES CODE SECTION 1373(c).
    27 C. IF AN ALIEN WHO IS UNLAWFULLY PRESENT IN THE UNITED STATES IS
    28 CONVICTED OF A VIOLATION OF STATE OR LOCAL LAW, ON DISCHARGE FROM
    29 IMPRISONMENT OR ASSESSMENT OF ANY FINE THAT IS IMPOSED, THE ALIEN SHALL BE
    30 TRANSFERRED IMMEDIATELY TO THE CUSTODY OF THE UNITED STATES IMMIGRATION AND
    31 CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT OR THE UNITED STATES CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION.
    32 D. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER LAW, A LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY MAY
    33 SECURELY TRANSPORT AN ALIEN WHO IS UNLAWFULLY PRESENT IN THE UNITED STATES
    34 AND WHO IS IN THE AGENCY'S CUSTODY TO A FEDERAL FACILITY IN THIS STATE OR TO
    35 ANY OTHER POINT OF TRANSFER INTO FEDERAL CUSTODY THAT IS OUTSIDE THE
    36 JURISDICTION OF THE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY.
    37 E. A LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER, WITHOUT A WARRANT, MAY ARREST A PERSON
    38 IF THE OFFICER HAS PROBABLE CAUSE TO BELIEVE THAT THE PERSON HAS COMMITTED
    39 ANY PUBLIC OFFENSE THAT MAKES THE PERSON REMOVABLE FROM THE UNITED STATES.
    40 F. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN FEDERAL LAW, OFFICIALS OR AGENCIES OF THIS
    41 STATE AND COUNTIES, CITIES, TOWNS AND OTHER POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS OF THIS
    42 STATE MAY NOT BE PROHIBITED OR IN ANY WAY BE RESTRICTED FROM SENDING,
    43 RECEIVING OR MAINTAINING INFORMATION RELATING TO THE IMMIGRATION STATUS OF
    44 ANY INDIVIDUAL OR EXCHANGING THAT INFORMATION WITH ANY OTHER FEDERAL, STATE
    45 OR LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL ENTITY FOR THE FOLLOWING OFFICIAL PURPOSES:
    S.B. 1070
    - 2 -
    1 1. DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ANY PUBLIC BENEFIT, SERVICE OR LICENSE
    2 PROVIDED BY ANY FEDERAL, STATE, LOCAL OR OTHER POLITICAL SUBDIVISION OF THIS
    3 STATE.
    4 2. VERIFYING ANY CLAIM OF RESIDENCE OR DOMICILE IF DETERMINATION OF
    5 RESIDENCE OR DOMICILE IS REQUIRED UNDER THE LAWS OF THIS STATE OR A JUDICIAL
    6 ORDER ISSUED PURSUANT TO A CIVIL OR CRIMINAL PROCEEDING IN THIS STATE.
    7 3. CONFIRMING THE IDENTITY OF ANY PERSON WHO IS DETAINED.
    8 4. IF THE PERSON IS AN ALIEN, DETERMINING WHETHER THE PERSON IS IN
    9 COMPLIANCE WITH THE FEDERAL REGISTRATION LAWS PRESCRIBED BY TITLE II, CHAPTER
    10 7 OF THE FEDERAL IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT.
    11 G. A PERSON MAY BRING AN ACTION IN SUPERIOR COURT TO CHALLENGE ANY
    12 OFFICIAL OR AGENCY OF THIS STATE OR A COUNTY, CITY, TOWN OR OTHER POLITICAL
    13 SUBDIVISION OF THIS STATE THAT ADOPTS OR IMPLEMENTS A POLICY THAT LIMITS OR
    14 RESTRICTS THE ENFORCEMENT OF FEDERAL IMMIGRATION LAWS TO LESS THAN THE FULL
    15 EXTENT PERMITTED BY FEDERAL LAW. IF THERE IS A JUDICIAL FINDING THAT AN
    16 ENTITY HAS VIOLATED THIS SECTION, THE COURT SHALL ORDER ANY OF THE FOLLOWING:
    17 1. THAT THE PERSON WHO BROUGHT THE ACTION RECOVER COURT COSTS AND
    18 ATTORNEY FEES.
    19 2. THAT THE ENTITY PAY A CIVIL PENALTY OF NOT LESS THAN ONE THOUSAND
    20 DOLLARS AND NOT MORE THAN FIVE THOUSAND DOLLARS FOR EACH DAY THAT THE POLICY
    21 HAS REMAINED IN EFFECT AFTER THE FILING OF AN ACTION PURSUANT TO THIS
    22 SUBSECTION.
    23 H. A COURT SHALL COLLECT THE CIVIL PENALTY PRESCRIBED IN SUBSECTION G
    24 AND REMIT THE CIVIL PENALTY TO THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY FOR DEPOSIT IN
    25 THE GANG AND IMMIGRATION INTELLIGENCE TEAM ENFORCEMENT MISSION FUND
    26 ESTABLISHED BY SECTION 41-1724.
    27 I. A LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER IS INDEMNIFIED BY THE LAW ENFORCEMENT
    28 OFFICER'S AGENCY AGAINST REASONABLE COSTS AND EXPENSES, INCLUDING ATTORNEY
    29 FEES, INCURRED BY THE OFFICER IN CONNECTION WITH ANY ACTION, SUIT OR
    30 PROCEEDING BROUGHT PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION TO WHICH THE OFFICER MAY BE A
    31 PARTY BY REASON OF THE OFFICER BEING OR HAVING BEEN A MEMBER OF THE LAW
    32 ENFORCEMENT AGENCY, EXCEPT IN RELATION TO MATTERS IN WHICH THE OFFICER IS
    33 ADJUDGED TO HAVE ACTED IN BAD FAITH.
    34 J. THIS SECTION SHALL BE IMPLEMENTED IN A MANNER CONSISTENT WITH
    35 FEDERAL LAWS REGULATING IMMIGRATION, PROTECTING THE CIVIL RIGHTS OF ALL
    36 PERSONS AND RESPECTING THE PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES OF UNITED STATES
    37 CITIZENS.
    38 Sec. 3. Title 13, chapter 15, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended by
    39 adding section 13-1509, to read:
    40 13-1509. Trespassing by illegal aliens; assessment; exception;
    41 classification
    42 A. IN ADDITION TO ANY VIOLATION OF FEDERAL LAW, A PERSON IS GUILTY OF
    43 TRESPASSING IF THE PERSON IS BOTH:
    44 1. PRESENT ON ANY PUBLIC OR PRIVATE LAND IN THIS STATE.
    45 2. IN VIOLATION OF 8 UNITED STATES CODE SECTION 1304(e) OR 1306(a).
    S.B. 1070
    - 3 -
    1 B. IN THE ENFORCEMENT OF THIS SECTION, THE FINAL DETERMINATION OF AN
    2 ALIEN'S IMMIGRATION STATUS SHALL BE DETERMINED BY EITHER:
    3 1. A LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER WHO IS AUTHORIZED BY THE FEDERAL
    4 GOVERNMENT TO VERIFY OR ASCERTAIN AN ALIEN'S IMMIGRATION STATUS.
    5 2. A LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER OR AGENCY COMMUNICATING WITH THE UNITED
    6 STATES IMMIGRATION AND CUSTOMS ENFORCEMENT OR THE UNITED STATES BORDER
    7 PROTECTION PURSUANT TO 8 UNITED STATES CODE SECTION 1373(c).
    8 C. A PERSON WHO IS SENTENCED PURSUANT TO THIS SECTION IS NOT ELIGIBLE
    9 FOR SUSPENSION OR COMMUTATION OF SENTENCE OR RELEASE ON ANY BASIS UNTIL THE
    10 SENTENCE IMPOSED IS SERVED.
    11 D. IN ADDITION TO ANY OTHER PENALTY PRESCRIBED BY LAW, THE COURT SHALL
    12 ORDER THE PERSON TO PAY JAIL COSTS AND AN ADDITIONAL ASSESSMENT IN THE
    13 FOLLOWING AMOUNTS:
    14 1. AT LEAST FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS FOR A FIRST VIOLATION.
    15 2. TWICE THE AMOUNT SPECIFIED IN PARAGRAPH 1 OF THIS SUBSECTION IF THE
    16 PERSON WAS PREVIOUSLY SUBJECT TO AN ASSESSMENT PURSUANT TO THIS SUBSECTION.
    17 E. A COURT SHALL COLLECT THE ASSESSMENTS PRESCRIBED IN SUBSECTION D OF
    18 THIS SECTION AND REMIT THE ASSESSMENTS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY,
    19 WHICH SHALL ESTABLISH A SPECIAL SUBACCOUNT FOR THE MONIES IN THE ACCOUNT
    20 ESTABLISHED FOR THE GANG AND IMMIGRATION INTELLIGENCE TEAM ENFORCEMENT
    21 MISSION APPROPRIATION. MONIES IN THE SPECIAL SUBACCOUNT ARE SUBJECT TO
    22 LEGISLATIVE APPROPRIATION FOR DISTRIBUTION FOR GANG AND IMMIGRATION
    23 ENFORCEMENT AND FOR COUNTY JAIL REIMBURSEMENT COSTS RELATING TO ILLEGAL
    24 IMMIGRATION.
    25 F. THIS SECTION DOES NOT APPLY TO A PERSON WHO MAINTAINS AUTHORIZATION
    26 FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TO REMAIN IN THE UNITED STATES.
    27 G. A VIOLATION OF THIS SECTION IS A CLASS 1 MISDEMEANOR, EXCEPT THAT A
    28 VIOLATION OF THIS SECTION IS:
    29 1. A CLASS 3 FELONY IF THE PERSON VIOLATES THIS SECTION WHILE IN
    30 POSSESSION OF ANY OF THE FOLLOWING:
    31 (a) A DANGEROUS DRUG AS DEFINED IN SECTION 13-3401.
    32 (b) PRECURSOR CHEMICALS THAT ARE USED IN THE MANUFACTURING OF
    33 METHAMPHETAMINE IN VIOLATION OF SECTION 13-3404.01.
    34 (c) A DEADLY WEAPON OR A DANGEROUS INSTRUMENT, AS DEFINED IN SECTION
    35 13-105.
    36 (d) PROPERTY THAT IS USED FOR THE PURPOSE OF COMMITTING AN ACT OF
    37 TERRORISM AS PRESCRIBED IN SECTION 13-2308.01.
    38 2. A CLASS 4 FELONY IF THE PERSON EITHER:
    39 (a) IS CONVICTED OF A SECOND OR SUBSEQUENT VIOLATION OF THIS SECTION.
    40 (b) WITHIN SIXTY MONTHS BEFORE THE VIOLATION, HAS BEEN REMOVED FROM
    41 THE UNITED STATES PURSUANT TO 8 UNITED STATES CODE SECTION 1229a OR HAS
    42 ACCEPTED A VOLUNTARY REMOVAL FROM THE UNITED STATES PURSUANT TO 8 UNITED
    43 STATES CODE SECTION 1229c.
    S.B. 1070
    - 4 -
    1 Sec. 4. Section 13-2319, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:
    2 13-2319. Smuggling; classification; definitions
    3 A. It is unlawful for a person to intentionally engage in the
    4 smuggling of human beings for profit or commercial purpose.
    5 B. A violation of this section is a class 4 felony.
    6 C. Notwithstanding subsection B of this section, a violation of this
    7 section:
    8 1. Is a class 2 felony if the human being who is smuggled is under
    9 eighteen years of age and is not accompanied by a family member over eighteen
    10 years of age or the offense involved the use of a deadly weapon or dangerous
    11 instrument.
    12 2. Is a class 3 felony if the offense involves the use or threatened
    13 use of deadly physical force and the person is not eligible for suspension of
    14 sentence, probation, pardon or release from confinement on any other basis
    15 except pursuant to section 31-233, subsection A or B until the sentence
    16 imposed by the court is served, the person is eligible for release pursuant
    17 to section 41-1604.07 or the sentence is commuted.
    18 D. Chapter 10 of this title does not apply to a violation of
    19 subsection C, paragraph 1 of this section.
    20 E. NOTWITHSTANDING ANY OTHER LAW, A PEACE OFFICER MAY LAWFULLY STOP
    21 ANY PERSON WHO IS OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE IF THE OFFICER HAS REASONABLE
    22 SUSPICION TO BELIEVE THE PERSON IS IN VIOLATION OF ANY CIVIL TRAFFIC LAW AND
    23 THIS SECTION.
    24 E. F. For the purposes of this section:
    25 1. "Family member" means the person's parent, grandparent, sibling or
    26 any other person who is related to the person by consanguinity or affinity to
    27 the second degree.
    28 2. "Procurement of transportation" means any participation in or
    29 facilitation of transportation and includes:
    30 (a) Providing services that facilitate transportation including travel
    31 arrangement services or money transmission services.
    32 (b) Providing property that facilitates transportation, including a
    33 weapon, a vehicle or other means of transportation or false identification,
    34 or selling, leasing, renting or otherwise making available a drop house as
    35 defined in section 13-2322.
    36 3. "Smuggling of human beings" means the transportation, procurement
    37 of transportation or use of property or real property by a person or an
    38 entity that knows or has reason to know that the person or persons
    39 transported or to be transported are not United States citizens, permanent
    40 resident aliens or persons otherwise lawfully in this state or have attempted
    41 to enter, entered or remained in the United States in violation of law.
    S.B. 1070
    - 5 -
    1 Sec. 5. Title 13, chapter 29, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended by
    2 adding sections 13-2928 and 13-2929, to read:
    3 13-2928. Unlawful stopping to hire and pick up passengers for
    4 work; unlawful application, solicitation or
    5 employment; classification; definitions
    6 A. IT IS UNLAWFUL FOR AN OCCUPANT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE THAT IS STOPPED
    7 ON A STREET, ROADWAY OR HIGHWAY TO ATTEMPT TO HIRE OR HIRE AND PICK UP
    8 PASSENGERS FOR WORK AT A DIFFERENT LOCATION IF THE MOTOR VEHICLE BLOCKS OR
    9 IMPEDES THE NORMAL MOVEMENT OF TRAFFIC.
    10 B. IT IS UNLAWFUL FOR A PERSON TO ENTER A MOTOR VEHICLE THAT IS
    11 STOPPED ON A STREET, ROADWAY OR HIGHWAY IN ORDER TO BE HIRED BY AN OCCUPANT
    12 OF THE MOTOR VEHICLE AND TO BE TRANSPORTED TO WORK AT A DIFFERENT LOCATION IF
    13 THE MOTOR VEHICLE BLOCKS OR IMPEDES THE NORMAL MOVEMENT OF TRAFFIC.
    14 C. IT IS UNLAWFUL FOR A PERSON WHO IS UNLAWFULLY PRESENT IN THE UNITED
    15 STATES AND WHO IS AN UNAUTHORIZED ALIEN TO KNOWINGLY APPLY FOR WORK, SOLICIT
    16 WORK IN A PUBLIC PLACE OR PERFORM WORK AS AN EMPLOYEE OR INDEPENDENT
    17 CONTRACTOR IN THIS STATE.
    18 D. A VIOLATION OF THIS SECTION IS A CLASS 1 MISDEMEANOR.
    19 E. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION:
    20 1. "SOLICIT" MEANS VERBAL OR NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION BY A GESTURE OR A
    21 NOD THAT WOULD INDICATE TO A REASONABLE PERSON THAT A PERSON IS WILLING TO BE
    22 EMPLOYED.
    23 2. "UNAUTHORIZED ALIEN" MEANS AN ALIEN WHO DOES NOT HAVE THE LEGAL
    24 RIGHT OR AUTHORIZATION UNDER FEDERAL LAW TO WORK IN THE UNITED STATES AS
    25 DESCRIBED IN 8 UNITED STATES CODE SECTION 1324a(h)(3).
    26 13-2929. Unlawful transporting, moving, concealing, harboring
    27 or shielding of unlawful aliens; vehicle
    28 impoundment; classification
    29 A. IT IS UNLAWFUL FOR A PERSON WHO IS IN VIOLATION OF A CRIMINAL
    30 OFFENSE TO:
    31 1. TRANSPORT OR MOVE OR ATTEMPT TO TRANSPORT OR MOVE AN ALIEN IN THIS
    32 STATE IN A MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION IF THE PERSON KNOWS OR RECKLESSLY
    33 DISREGARDS THE FACT THAT THE ALIEN HAS COME TO, HAS ENTERED OR REMAINS IN THE
    34 UNITED STATES IN VIOLATION OF LAW.
    35 2. CONCEAL, HARBOR OR SHIELD OR ATTEMPT TO CONCEAL, HARBOR OR SHIELD
    36 AN ALIEN FROM DETECTION IN ANY PLACE IN THIS STATE, INCLUDING ANY BUILDING OR
    37 ANY MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION, IF THE PERSON KNOWS OR RECKLESSLY DISREGARDS THE
    38 FACT THAT THE ALIEN HAS COME TO, HAS ENTERED OR REMAINS IN THE UNITED STATES
    39 IN VIOLATION OF LAW.
    40 3. ENCOURAGE OR INDUCE AN ALIEN TO COME TO OR RESIDE IN THIS STATE IF
    41 THE PERSON KNOWS OR RECKLESSLY DISREGARDS THE FACT THAT SUCH COMING TO,
    42 ENTERING OR RESIDING IN THIS STATE IS OR WILL BE IN VIOLATION OF LAW.
    43 B. A MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION THAT IS USED IN THE COMMISSION OF A
    44 VIOLATION OF THIS SECTION IS SUBJECT TO MANDATORY VEHICLE IMMOBILIZATION OR
    45 IMPOUNDMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 28-3511.
    S.B. 1070
    - 6 -
    1 C. A PERSON WHO VIOLATES THIS SECTION IS GUILTY OF A CLASS 1
    2 MISDEMEANOR AND IS SUBJECT TO A FINE OF AT LEAST ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS, EXCEPT
    3 THAT A VIOLATION OF THIS SECTION THAT INVOLVES TEN OR MORE ILLEGAL ALIENS IS
    4 A CLASS 6 FELONY AND THE PERSON IS SUBJECT TO A FINE OF AT LEAST ONE THOUSAND
    5 DOLLARS FOR EACH ALIEN WHO IS INVOLVED.
    6 Sec. 6. Section 23-212, Arizona Revised Statutes, is amended to read:
    7 23-212. Knowingly employing unauthorized aliens; prohibition;
    8 false and frivolous complaints; violation;
    9 classification; license suspension and revocation;
    10 affirmative defense
    11 A. An employer shall not knowingly employ an unauthorized alien. If,
    12 in the case when an employer uses a contract, subcontract or other
    13 independent contractor agreement to obtain the labor of an alien in this
    14 state, the employer knowingly contracts with an unauthorized alien or with a
    15 person who employs or contracts with an unauthorized alien to perform the
    16 labor, the employer violates this subsection.
    17 B. The attorney general shall prescribe a complaint form for a person
    18 to allege a violation of subsection A of this section. The complainant shall
    19 not be required to list the complainant's social security number on the
    20 complaint form or to have the complaint form notarized. On receipt of a
    21 complaint on a prescribed complaint form that an employer allegedly knowingly
    22 employs an unauthorized alien, the attorney general or county attorney shall
    23 investigate whether the employer has violated subsection A of this section.
    24 If a complaint is received but is not submitted on a prescribed complaint
    25 form, the attorney general or county attorney may investigate whether the
    26 employer has violated subsection A of this section. This subsection shall
    27 not be construed to prohibit the filing of anonymous complaints that are not
    28 submitted on a prescribed complaint form. The attorney general or county
    29 attorney shall not investigate complaints that are based solely on race,
    30 color or national origin. A complaint that is submitted to a county attorney
    31 shall be submitted to the county attorney in the county in which the alleged
    32 unauthorized alien is or was employed by the employer. The county sheriff or
    33 any other local law enforcement agency may assist in investigating a
    34 complaint. When investigating a complaint, the attorney general or county
    35 attorney shall verify the work authorization of the alleged unauthorized
    36 alien with the federal government pursuant to 8 United States Code section
    37 1373(c). A state, county or local official shall not attempt to
    38 independently make a final determination on whether an alien is authorized to
    39 work in the United States. An alien's immigration status or work
    40 authorization status shall be verified with the federal government pursuant
    41 to 8 United States Code section 1373(c). A person who knowingly files a
    42 false and frivolous complaint under this subsection is guilty of a class 3
    43 misdemeanor.
    S.B. 1070

    Push sticks/blocks Save Fingers
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    "The true measure of a man is how he treats someone who can do him absolutely no good."
    attributed to Samuel Johnson
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    PUBLIC NOTICE: Due to recent budget cuts, the rising cost of electricity, gas, and oil...plus the current state of the economy............the light at the end of the tunnel, has been turned off.

    Comment


    • #17
      Re: Is It Racist

      Comment


      • #18
        Re: Is It Racist

        Originally posted by PlumbingSkool View Post
        DUDES.......

        Its against the constitution to ask ANYONE for "papers"....what is this Russia?

        The minute ANYONE in the USA says; "I am a citizen" it is there right to keep walking.....that's what we call FREEDOM.....now if they are breaking a law or something sure, you can ask etc, but there was no reason to mirror the federal government.....by making a law...lets get real.....I bet anyone that says; "this isn't racist" is over the age of 60........

        So ya , its RACIST...........YOU CAN'T "CARD" ANYONE ...PERIOD....!

        This is America............. !
        Nice job of insulting those you don't agree with based on age! Dude, our country is going down the drain and between the violent illegal criminals and those who are not paying taxes it needs to stop. We can't afford to pay for the healthcare of folks here legally, much less the healthcare, schooling, policing and other tax burdens posed by illegals. This is not the America of the 60's, we have lost our jobs, are dependant on foreign countries including communist china for money to run our government. We need to either force illegals to become tax paying citizens or leave. IF you are going to cite our Constitution and laws then the illegals have no place here to begin with.

        I can't imagine anyone of any age not wanting the situation of illegals victimizing our system or being victims themselves to stop. IF nothing is done, nothing changes, and that is not acceptable in my opinion. By the way, I'm under 60!

        Comment


        • #19
          Re: Is It Racist

          here is easer version of the bill http://www.azleg.gov/FormatDocument....vernor.doc.htm
          House of Representatives
          SB 1070
          immigration; law enforcement; safe neighborhoods

          (NOW: safe neighborhoods; immigration; law enforcement)

          Sponsors: Senators Pearce R, Gray C, Gray L, et al.


          DPA/SE Committee on Military Affairs and Public Safety

          DPA
          Caucus and COW

          X
          As Transmitted to the Governor


          SB 1070 makes changes to laws relating to the enforcement on immigration laws, failure to carry an alien registration document, day laborers, harboring or transporting illegal aliens and employer sanctions.
          History
          8 U.S.C. § 1373(c) requires Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) to respond to inquiries by federal, state, or local government agencies seeking to verify or ascertain the citizenship or immigration status of any individual within the jurisdiction of the agency for any purpose authorized by law, by providing the requested verification or status information.

          Laws 2007, Ch. 279 enacted the Legal Arizona Workers Act (Act). The Act: expands aggravated taking the identity of another person or entity to include the intent to obtain employment; prohibits an employer from intentionally employing an unauthorized alien or knowingly employing an unauthorized alien; requires the Attorney General (AG) or county attorney to investigate complaints and classifies filing a false and frivolous complaint as a class 3 misdemeanor; provides for license suspension for the first violation; requires license revocation on a second violation during a probationary period; and after December 31, 2007, requires every employer to utilize E-Verify to verify employment eligibility. Laws 2008, Chapter 152 further amended the Act.

          Provisions
          Enforcement of Immigration Law

          · Prohibits law enforcement officials and law enforcement agencies of this state or counties, municipalities and political subdivisions from restricting or limiting the enforcement of the federal immigration laws to less than the full extent permitted by federal law.

          · Requires officials and agencies to reasonably attempt to determine the immigration status of a person involved in a lawful contact where reasonable suspicion exists regarding the immigration status of the person, except if the determination may hinder or obstruct an investigation.

          · Stipulates that if the person is arrested, the person’s immigration status must be determined before the person is released and must be verified with the federal government.

          · Stipulates that a law enforcement official or agency cannot solely consider race, color or national origin when implementing these provisions, except as permitted by the U.S. or Arizona Constitution.

          · Specifies that a person is presumed to be lawfully present if the person provides any of the following:

          Ø A valid Arizona driver license.

          Ø A valid Arizona nonoperating identification license.

          Ø A valid tribal enrollment card or other form of tribal identification.

          Ø A valid federal, state or local government issued identification, if the issuing entity requires proof of legal presence before issuance.

          · Requires that if a person is convicted of any state or local law, on discharge from imprisonment or on the assessment of any monetary obligation imposed, ICE or U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) must be immediately notified.

          · Authorizes a law enforcement agency to securely transport an unlawfully present alien to a federal facility.

          · Requires a law enforcement agency to obtain judicial authorization before securely transporting an unlawfully present alien to a point of transfer that is outside of Arizona.

          · Prohibits, except as provided in federal law, officials and agencies of counties, cities, towns or other political subdivisions from being prevented or restricted from sending, receiving or maintaining information relating to the immigration status, of any individual or exchanging that information with another governmental entity for the following official purposes:

          Ø Determination of eligibility for any public benefit, service or license.

          Ø Verification of any claim of legal domicile if legal domicile is required by law or judicial order.

          Ø If the person is an alien, determination of the person’s compliance with federal registration laws.

          Ø Pursuant to federal laws regarding communication between government agencies and federal immigration agencies.

          · Stipulates that these provisions does not implement, authorize or establish and cannot be construed to implement authorize or establish the REAL ID Act of 2005, including the use of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID).

          · Allows a person who is a legal resident of this state to bring an action in superior court to challenge officials and agencies of the state, counties, cities, towns or other political subdivisions that adopt or implement a policy that limits or restricts the enforcement of federal immigration laws to less than the full extent permitted by federal law.

          · Requires the court to order any that a violating entity pays a civil penalty of at least $1,000 and not to exceed $5,000 for each day that the policy has remained in effect after it has been found to be violating these provisions.

          · States that the court will collect the penalty and transmit the collected monies to the state Treasurer for deposit in the Gang and Immigration Intelligence Team Enforcement Mission (GIITEM) Fund.

          · Authorizes the court to award court costs and reasonable attorney fees to any person or any official or agency that prevails in a case brought under these provisions.

          · Indemnifies officers against actions brought under these provisions, except if the officer has been adjudged to have acted in bad faith.

          · Stipulates that these provisions are to be implemented consistent with federal immigration law protecting the civil right of all persons and respecting the privileges and immunities of US citizens.

          Willful Failure to Complete or Carry an Alien Registration Document

          · Specifies that in addition to any violation of federal law, a person is guilty of willful failure to complete or carry an alien registration document if the person is in violation of 8 U.S.C. § 1304(e) or 1306(a).

          · Stipulates that the immigration status may be determined by:

          Ø A law enforcement officer who is authorized by the federal government to verify or ascertain an alien’s immigration status.

          Ø ICE or CBP pursuant to 8 U.S.C. § 1373(c).

          · Prevents a person convicted of the new offense from being eligible for suspension of sentence, probation, pardon, commutation of sentence, or release from confinement on any basis except for as authorized by the Director of the Arizona Department of Correction until the sentence imposed has been served or the person is eligible for release due to early release credits.

          · Requires the court to order the person to pay jail costs and an additional assessment of:

          Ø At least $500 for a first offense.

          Ø Twice the amount the person was ordered to pay for the first offense if this is the second or subsequent offense.

          · States that the court will collect the assessments and transmit the collected monies to the Department of Public Safety for deposit in a special sub-account of the account established for GIITEM.

          · Stipulates that monies in the sub-account are subject to legislative appropriation for distribution for gang and immigration enforcement and for county jail costs relating to illegal immigration.

          · Stipulates that any record that relates to the immigration status of a person is admissible in any court without further foundation or testimony from a custodian of records if the record is certified as authentic by the government agency responsible for maintaining the record.

          · Makes a first offense a class 1 misdemeanor.

          · Increases the penalty to a class 3 felony if the person commits the offense while in possession of:

          Ø A dangerous drug (A.R.S. § 13-3401).

          Ø Precursor chemicals used to manufacture methamphetamine (A.R.S. § 13-3404.01).

          Ø A deadly weapon (A.R.S. § 13-3101).

          Ø A dangerous instrument (A.R.S. § 13-105).

          Ø Property used for committing an act of terrorism (A.R.S. § 13-2308.01).

          · Makes violations a class 4 felony if either:

          Ø It is a second or subsequent violation.

          Ø Within 60 days, the person has been removed from the U.S. either under 8 U.S.C. § 1229a or 8 U.S.C. § 1229c.

          Unlawfully Picking up Passengers for Work

          · Specifies that it is a class 1 misdemeanor for an occupant of a motor vehicle that is stopped on a street, roadway, or highway to attempt to hire or hire and pick up passengers for work at a different location, if the motor vehicle blocks or impedes the normal movement of traffic.

          · Specifies that it is a class 1 misdemeanor for a person to enter a motor vehicle that is stopped on a street, roadway or highway in order to be hired by an occupant of the motor vehicle and to be transported to work at a different location, if the motor vehicle blocks or impedes the normal movement of traffic.

          · Specifies that it is a class 1 misdemeanor for a person who is unlawfully present who is an unauthorized alien to knowingly apply for work, solicit work in a public place or perform work as an employee or independent contractor.

          · Defines solicit and unauthorized alien.

          Unlawfully Transporting or Harboring Unlawful Aliens

          · Stipulates that it is unlawful for a person who is in violation of a criminal offense to:

          Ø Transport or move an alien in a means of transportation, or attempt to do so, if the person knows or recklessly disregards the fact that the alien is here unlawfully.

          Ø Conceal, harbor or shield an alien, or attempt to, if the person knows or recklessly disregards the fact that the alien is here unlawfully.

          Ø Encourage or induce an alien to come to this state if the person knows or recklessly disregards the fact that doing so would be a violation of law.

          · Specifies that a means of transportation used in a violation of these provisions is subject to mandatory vehicle immobilization or impoundment.

          · Specifies that these provisions do not apply to a Child Protective Services worker acting in the worker’s official capacity or a person who is acting in the capacity of a first responder, an ambulance attendant or an emergency medial technician and is transporting or moving an alien in relation to emergency medial services.

          · Stipulates that violators are guilty of a class 1 misdemeanor and subject to a fine of at least $1,000. However, a violation involving 10 or more illegal aliens is a class 6 felony and subject to a fine of at least $1,000 for each alien involved.

          · Requires a peace officer to immobilize or impound a person’s vehicle if the officer determines either that:

          Ø In furtherance of the illegal presence of an alien and in violation of a criminal offense, the person is transporting or moving, or attempting to do so in a vehicle if the person knows or recklessly disregards the fact that the alien is here unlawfully.

          Ø The person is concealing, harboring or shielding an alien in this state, or attempting to do so in a vehicle if the person knows or recklessly disregards the fact that the alien is here unlawfully.

          Employer Sanctions

          · Provides employers with the affirmative defense that they were entrapped, but they must admit the substantial elements of the violation.

          · Stipulates that the employer has the burden of proof proving the following by a preponderance of the evidence:

          Ø The idea of committing the violation started with the officer or their agents.

          Ø The officers or their agents urged and induced the employer to commit the violation.

          Ø The employer was not predisposed to commit the violation before the law enforcement officer or agents urged and induced the employer to do so.

          · Stipulates that an employer is not entrapped if the employer was predisposed to violate the law and law enforcement merely provided the employer with the opportunity. Additionally, it is not entrapment for law enforcement to use a ruse or to conceal their identity.

          · Requires employers to keep a record of the employment verification from E-verify for the duration of an employee’s employment, or three years, whichever is longer.

          Miscellaneous

          · Authorizes peace officers, in the enforcement of human smuggling laws, to lawfully stop a person if they have reasonable suspicion to believe the person is in violation of any civil traffic law.

          · Authorizes a peace officer to arrest a person without a warrant if the officer has probable cause to believe that the person has committed any public offense that makes the person removable from the U.S.

          · Establishes the GIITEM fund (fund) and directs monies collected from penalties resulting from policies limiting the enforcement of federal immigration law to the fund.

          · Requires the Arizona Department of Public Safety to administer the fund, which is subject to legislative appropriation and is to be used for gang and immigration enforcement and for county jail reimbursement for costs relating to illegal immigration.

          · Contains intent and severability, implementation and construction clauses.

          · Specifies that this act may be cited as the “Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act.”

          · Makes technical and conforming changes.

          ·

          ·

          · ---------- DOCUMENT FOOTER ---------

          · Forty-ninth Legislature

          · Second Regular Session 5 April 19, 2010

          ·
          Last edited by BHD; 04-27-2010, 07:19 PM.
          Push sticks/blocks Save Fingers
          ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
          "The true measure of a man is how he treats someone who can do him absolutely no good."
          attributed to Samuel Johnson
          ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
          PUBLIC NOTICE: Due to recent budget cuts, the rising cost of electricity, gas, and oil...plus the current state of the economy............the light at the end of the tunnel, has been turned off.

          Comment


          • #20
            Re: Is It Racist

            Originally posted by NHMaster3015 View Post
            Well, Up here in Maine in order to renew one's drivers license one must provide the DMV with a your birth certificate( the original, no copies) your social security card, a copy of either your income taxes or your property taxes and a current utility bill.
            In Maine and MA those are among the list of identifications allowed to be used. Others can be used as well. A non-citizen is perfectly capable of meeting the requirements to obtain a license. It is done all the time.

            Along side the Patriot Act was a bill that required stronger standards to obtain drivers licenses, so states in compliance have effectively eliminated the ability for illegal immigrants to obtain new licenses. Some states are not yet in compliance.

            Say someone was in the US legally on a student VISA. During that time in the US they obtain a legal drivers license. Even after the VISA expires the license remains valid(mostly due to the feds failing to do anything). So in MA for example a License is not a proof of legal citizenship as it is possible to possess one and not be a legal citizen.

            Does anyone know if the police in AZ can consider a drivers license a proof of citizenship or are all AZ residents effectively required to carry something they wouldn't normally carry?

            Comment


            • #21
              Re: Is It Racist

              Even if you are a non-citizen you can be here legally, your example of the student visa. I have a friend with a NY drivers license that has some notation about being a non-citizen, because he was here on a student visa.

              Comment


              • #22
                Re: Is It Racist

                Well looks like the THANKS HAVE IT !! And are ARMED,Me thinks
                I can build anything You want , if you draw a picture of it , on the back of a big enough check .

                Comment


                • #23
                  Re: Is It Racist

                  Originally posted by toolaholic View Post
                  Well looks like the THANKS HAVE IT !! And are ARMED,Me thinks
                  I don't understand why we have to apologize for requiring people who are in our country to be here legally? Who determines political incorrectness, the folks here illegally, or we the tax payers?

                  Finally, what the heck does age have to do with right and wrong, or what is legal? When I disagreed with the Bush administration, I was unpatriotic, I now disagree with the Obama administration and I'm a brain washed Fox News conservative, I think it is way past time that the issue of illegals in our country is addressed, and I'm a racist? I don't think soooooooooooo!

                  Comment


                  • #24
                    Re: Is It Racist

                    For the record, there is no such thing as the Mafia! That's just something hollywood made up to make movies, and it also sells Newspapers. I can honestly say as an Italian-American that I have no knowledge of such things, nor do I have any recollection of criminal behavior of any kind.

                    Comment


                    • #25
                      Re: Is It Racist

                      Originally posted by Frankiarmz View Post
                      For the record, there is no such thing as the Mafia! That's just something hollywood made up to make movies, and it also sells Newspapers. I can honestly say as an Italian-American that I have no knowledge of such things, nor do I have any recollection of criminal behavior of any kind.

                      Okay, Frank let's see your papers!!!

                      One would think you'd be against this Arizona law knowing the hardships the Italian immigrants went through.

                      Comment


                      • #26
                        Re: Is It Racist

                        It probably is "racist" to the extent that it allows "racial profiling"... but I don't see the harm in "profiling", as the mere fact, in this particular concern, really is a matter of one particular race illegally entering the United States in mass numbers and infringing upon the rights and benefits of a legal citizenry. What doesn't get mentioned, is that we live in a society that is provided for by a history of hard working people that have created a nation with laws that ensure the well-being of a social structure that offers generous benefits to being a citizen and in so doing is a pretty open society with few restrictions... especially with regard to personal freedom and identification.

                        Unfortunately, those very freedoms allow far too easy entry and almost complete assurance that anyone from anywhere, can live among us without too much fear of being detected. These "counterfeit citizens" have neither earned or are paying for the benefits of citizenry and yet not only leech the benefits, but have somehow won the hearts and minds of too many who us who think that they have "rights" simply because they are here. Rights of all souls, should not be confused with the rights of the citizens who are here by birthright or by meeting the legal requirements.

                        While I'm sure most Hispanics are law-abiding citizens, there are vast numbers of them who are here illegally and who commit crimes against the citizenry. While "crimes" are clear, when they are openly identified by our justice system, there are simpler, less identifiable "crimes" like benefitting from the social, medical, educational, and even civic structures that are here as a result of and for the benefit of the legal citizenry.

                        If you are a tourist or here on a visa, then you are here on a free pass with time limitations... but if you have snuck in, then it really is no different than sneeking in and enjoying the benefits of Disney World without buying a ticket. We all know that is a crime and unlike illegal immigration, I don't see a lot of people marching in the streets in the support of Disney trespassers!

                        But, regarding the "racism" issue and the label that we are using to indict this new Arizona law... basically it's just a simple process of identifying a criminal element... If blue people with purple hair and green freckles have been identified in several armed robberies... then that's who the police start looking for; and, this new Arizona legislation simply restates what should be obvious that one needs not to blanket the entire population to search for the criminals... we logically look at those who are have blue complexions, red hair, and green freckles! This needs to be especially true in consideration of the the financial pressures that our local, state, and federal governments are presently undre. We don't have a lot of extra resources to stop every single person, and as a citizen I don't want my tax money wasted stopping Hispanics, Asians, Blacks, and Whites, if I'm looking for people with blue skin.

                        Now if all the rest of us blue people don't like that, then perhaps we should feel a little alarmed that this criminal element is bringing shame to our community and we should be taking steps to let them know that they are not welcome here, unless they are law-abiding and have taken all the legal steps to become citizens the we have.

                        We live in a world of immigrants. The very foundations of our great country is one of immigration and settlement and our laws and even our Constitution are refinements of the laws of other nations from which our ancestors left to come here. We have never freely allowed any race, nation, or territory to migrate to our shores without regulation and committment of some kind. So how is it that the Hispanic population has taken to such expectations?

                        The problem with too much of the Hispanic population seems to be an inability to understand and respect the hard work that their parents and grandparents went through, in order to make thier place here as legal, hardworking citizens. I would hope that the illegals would be looked upon with some element of desrespect instead of being defended and supported as if the "right" of citizenship was free to anyone who makes the journey.

                        Citizenship is NOT free to anyone. It has to be worked for and it has to be supported and defended and understood. I think too many of us are so comfortable with our freedoms and rights that we don't undertand them and as evidenced by a couple of the previous comments we assume that our rights are really more than they are!

                        So, if you happen to fit the "profile" of a criminal element... then be prepared to identify yourself. And also set your mind to the fact that the police in our country are there to protect us from the criminal element and those who would infringe upon our rights as citizens by stealing our identity. If you are here to enjoy the benefits of U.S. citizenship and are not.. then that is an infringement that you are not entitled to and your presence here is, in fact, breaking the law and regardless of your own personal esteem... you are a criminal.

                        I am not a racist of any sort and have friends of many colors (including pink) and in several countries. I actively support my local police and justice system. If I see or hear of abuse of power, I am also going to be one of the first who will start protesting it and looking into its prosecution. Profiling is what police do... it's part of their job. When part of the identification becomes a description of race or country of origin, then that is part of the identification process. IMHO, "Racial Profiling" is a very unfortunate terminology used as a means to taint the legal justice system, by those who fail to see the injustices that bring crime and financial burden to our country as some kind of right to anyone born anywhere. All countries have laws and benefits and even injustices in the eyes of others... but if we are not citizens of that country, those benefits are not ours and yet, if we are in that country we must understand that we are subject to those laws. One cannot freely take advantage of the benefits, without also living within the laws.

                        This "racist" thing is almost beyond absurd. We are all racists in some way. I'm "white"... but not really, "white" is the color of my bed sheets and I'm no where near that color. I have a couple of "black" friends, but even they don't match and neither is as dark as the rubber on my car. I have some Asian friends too, and their complexion is very much like mine and my Russian friend, and the one from Australia... nobody is "yellow" although we used to think that was the case back in the 30's and 40's. All of us have things we love, things we reminisce about, things we value, and a God that we may or may not recognize. Actually, from my experience so much of what we care about is the same and so many of the worries we have are the same too. But, when I talk about a particular guy standing in a group, I'm probably going to refer to him as the white guy with red hair or that black guy in the blue shirt. And if I see a crime and have to give a description, I just might feel it worth mentioning a profile that describes the culprit as a tall mail, who wore glasses, had brown hair, and was white. I guess I really am a racist! Funny, because the first thing the cops ask me is to identify myself and give my address, and I'm the one reporting the crime... interesting, don't ya think?

                        CWS

                        Comment


                        • #27
                          Re: Is It Racist

                          Okay, I am confused now

                          Tons of info in this thread .......thanks you'all

                          Comment


                          • #28
                            Re: Is It Racist

                            Originally posted by James P View Post
                            Okay, Frank let's see your papers!!!

                            One would think you'd be against this Arizona law knowing the hardships the Italian immigrants went through.
                            One would be wrong Have you read any of my posts on this thread? Pretty simple, our country is in financial trouble, many cities and towns are under seige by illegals who are violent criminals, or just plain not paying into the system. Something must be done, something should have been years ago.

                            I have absolutely no sympathy for the total disregard of our borders, the abuse of our citizens at the hands of criminals and the refusal of our elected officials to enforce our laws. I believe anyone who opposes the resolution of illegals in our country contributes to their abuse and ours. The plight of Italian immigrants has absolutely nothing to do with this issue. While many different ethnic groups have suffered abuse over the years in the land of the free, never have so many entered illegally and caused such distress. You either want the issue addressed and fixed, or you want the suffering for all concerned to continue. Which is it?

                            Comment


                            • #29
                              Re: Is It Racist

                              It says in the bill:

                              "Specifies that a person is presumed to be lawfully present if the person provides any of the following:
                              Ø A valid Arizona driver license.
                              Ø A valid Arizona nonoperating identification license.
                              Ø A valid tribal enrollment card or other form of tribal identification.
                              Ø A valid federal, state or local government issued identification, if the issuing entity requires proof of legal presence before issuance."

                              I don't see anything in the bill that I would consider racist or racial profiling. In fact there's a statement in there that says:

                              "Stipulates that a law enforcement official or agency cannot solely consider race, color or national origin when implementing these provisions, except as permitted by the U.S. or Arizona Constitution."

                              The sad part is that now the AZ courts will be clogged with cases of illegals claiming that they were profiled by racist or overly-aggressive peace officers. As I see it, there are cases of racist and overly aggressive peace officers today, anyway. There are probably some racist officers. There are probably some officers that abuse their discretionary leeway. Everybody here's been hassled by a cop. I sure have... of course I deserved it. If anything, having a law on the books provides illegals with a possible defense.

                              To my knowledge, the US Constitution does not, anywhere, guarantee anyone that they don't have to carry ID. It simply doesn't require you to do so. Seems to me the States are well within their rights to require that you carry ID. It will be made into a constitutional issue, but I don't think it is or should be.

                              The spirit of the law is not about racism, as I read it. It's about responding to the public's "mad-as-hell-and-not-going-to-take -this-anymore" sentiment. I happen to think that here in CA, the migrant farm workers do a great service. Unfortunately that doesn't have a lot to do with them being here illegally, and that's the bottom line. It's not legal. They gotta go.

                              There's always a hundred reasons why something won't work put forth by folks that don't want something to work. I want to hear from the nay-sayers what exactly the states could do that would enforce current immigaration law effectively and not upset them. I think it will be a nice round number... like "0".

                              I am always staunchly opposed to bills that abridge freedom, such as the Patriot Act (the name sends shivers down my back, it is anything but Patriotic). But carrying an ID doesn't abridge freedoms. Fact is, it's kind of a non-issue. Realistically, who doesn't have their ID in their pocket whenever they leave the house? I guess with the "jogging example" you may not... I somehow doubt if that is really going to be much of an issue. The cop doesn't want to do the paperwork and will probably drive you home to get it. Big deal.

                              Comment


                              • #30
                                Re: Is It Racist

                                even in the jogging example they would not be stopped unless there was a probable cause,
                                Push sticks/blocks Save Fingers
                                ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
                                "The true measure of a man is how he treats someone who can do him absolutely no good."
                                attributed to Samuel Johnson
                                ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
                                PUBLIC NOTICE: Due to recent budget cuts, the rising cost of electricity, gas, and oil...plus the current state of the economy............the light at the end of the tunnel, has been turned off.

                                Comment

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